Playing Go at Ton's place
Today, I went to play Go at Ton's place.
I had brought my own set with me. When I arrived he already
was playing with Juri, who too had brought a set with him.
I watched them for some time, until Taco arrived and then started
a game against Taco. I was given eight stones ahead. A finally
lost the game with about thirty points, mainly due to the fact
that I lost one of my groups in the corner. For the rest I
succeded in connecting all my stones, while Taco had about five
Rudi and Marcel also had arrived and were playing some game
against each other. When we were all finished (Ton and Juri played
two games), we looked at some kind of game (whoes name I forgot)
that Ton had standing on top of his television. I tried to play
it against Ton, but not fully comprehend the goal of the game.
Then Rudi and Taco started to play against each other and Marcel
against Juri. When I wanted to leave, I discovered that Rudi and
Taco were playing on my playing board, which made me decide to
wait and watch their game. (Of course, I could have asked them
to switch to another playing board, as they were not so far into
their game yet, and they both can easily remember games.)
Not much later the mother of Juri arrived to catch him. But he
wanted to continue his game. Marcel finally resigned. We all left
shortly after twelve.
Blue foam bricks
Yesterday, Annabel received an
answer to the email she send on December 29,
2006 to the company from which Ton got the blue foam bricks.
The answer said that she could go to the company to collect the
last bag with blue foam bricks. Yesterday evening, I showed her
how to get there using Google Earth,
and this afternoon she went
there with a number of bags. About an hour later she came back
with full bags being taped to her bike. She also got a pen for
Revenge of the Nerds
Today, I discovered that the program "Revenge of the Nerds", which
deals about the Nerd twin Erik and Arjan,
who also joined the Dutch "Beauty and the Nerd",
already started. This evening, Annabel and
I watched the first episode from the internet, and watched,
together with Li-Xia, the second
episode on television. In the first episode the twin had to speed date
twentyfive girls and pick a girl with whom they wanted to have a dream date.
At one point one of the twins hit his big-pen against his head because
he wanted to write something down. Annabel had to laugh about it, and
reversed to see it another two times. In the second episode they learned
some thai kick boxing and had to fight against each other and the went
to a flirt coach.
Chinese Wooden Puzzle
The program for calculating the number of ways the puzzle can be filled
with the 3 by 10 solutions and
the 5 by 6 solutions such that no pieces
with the same colour touch each other, needed about 126 hours to finish.
That is about twice as long as I had estimated on December 28, 2006. (Source of the program.)
The result are:
On November 9, 2006, I calculated that the
total number of unique ways for filling a 15 by 10 frame with 3 by 10 and
5 by 6 solutions was 962,444,349,067,755,520. This means that about
0.81% of all solutions do not have touching colours. This is lower than
the about 1.28% that I found on December 25
when only the 3 by 10 solutions were used.
- 3 by 10 has 1,640 solutions.
- 6 by 10 has 7,518,324 solutions.
- 9 by 10 has 8,032,133,492 solutions.
- 12 by 10 has 22,489,876,045,702 solutions.
- 15 by 10 has 31,390,342,132,161,756 solutions.
Spring has come
The birds are singing in the morning and the flowers are budding. Yesterday
was the warmest day on record. The average temperature in the center of
the country was 12.9 degrees Celsius, which is one degree more than the
previous record for the warmest day in January, which was on January 5, 1957.
The minimum temperature, 11.8 degrees Celsius, was also a
new record for
January. This is all caused by a depression, which slowly heading from the
West and going to give us a storm the coming days.
Today, Andy came home with a Pokémon
playing card. It was the Marshtomp card of the Pokémon Trading Card Game.
(Marshtomp on Wikipedia).
This evening, Annabel and I went to the
university to play Go. We also brought the
Chinese Wooden Puzzle with us. When we arrived only Juri was there.
He tried to solve the Chinese Wooden Puzzle, but failed. When Ton
arrived, he first invited Annabel, but Annabel did not want to play,
and next invited me. I was given a six stone advance. Some others
arrived, and finally, Annabel started a game against Taco with
nine stones advance. She lost with about seventy points. Really not
that bad. Ton and I had some serious fights, and at the end it
looked like I was going to win, but after Ton made a Monkey Jump,
and I let him connect in the other direction, I was able to kill
the group from which he made the jump because he made a mistake.
After which he resigned. Araldo made the Chinese Wooden Puzzle.
This morning, Annabel went to the shop
to buy a small aquarium and then she got a small fish from one of
the neighbour girls. It is about one and half centimeter long.
This afternoon I went into the city, as I often do. Many shops were
have a sale. So did the two book shops I visited.
In bookshop De Slegte I bought two books.
I bought "Ik deserteur van een braaf autistenras. Nieuwe berichten
aan het volk van de bovenwereld" a translation of "Ich Deserteur einer artigen
Autistenrasse. Neue Botschaften an das Volk der Oberwelt" (I deserter of an
obdiebt race of autists. New messages to the people of the upper world")
by Birger Sellin for
€ 1.00. I also have a translation of his first book (English title:
"Don't Want to Be Inside Me Anymore: Messages from Autistic Mind").
The second book I bought is "Monet" by Vanessa Potts. I already bought this
book on Tuesday, April 23, 2002. I bought it
because it only costed € 2.00.
In bookshop Broekhuis, I also bought two
books. First I bought "Mijn dinsdagen met Morrie"
("Tuesdays with Morrie")
by Mitch Albom for € 3.75. Next I bought
"Tekno Logical" for € 7.50. Inside
the book, I found two copies of the CD-ROM with images.
This evening, when we brought Andy to bed,
we discovered that Lassie and Baltasar, his cuddly toys were missing.
We searched everywhere, but could not find them. He also does not know
himself where they are.
Yesterday evening and today, I worked on the C++ program for solving the Chinese Wooden Puzzle.
In the evening the program found the first solution for the 15x7 version
with the orange and yellow pieces missing. I put the solution (extended
to the full 15x10 size of the puzzle with a line of orange and yellow
pieces) on the page with solutions.
Chinese Wooden Puzzle program
Today, I let the program that I developed yesterday
run for seven hours. It found 21770 solutions (Zip file with solutions). Which is 0.86 solution
per second (or one solution per 1.16 second). However, many of the
solutions result in the same colours. If only looking at the colours
there were 5926 different solutions. For
one colour pattern there
were 64 different solutions found, not saying that there could be
Six pieces of the Netherlands are inside a piece of Belgium that
lies inside the Netherlands. One other piece of the Netherlands is
inside another piece of Belgium that lies inside the Netherlands.
This can be found in the interesting
city of Baarle-Hertog/
For more information, read this detailed story.
Building a coffin
The children of the Iederwijs school in Someren are building a coffin for
Mrs. Eri van den Biggelaar, one of their teachers, and one
of the founders of this Iederwijs school (a type of school
comparable to Sudbury Valley
School). Mrs. Van den Biggelaar (40) is currently in the final
stages of an agressive form of cervical cancer.
It may be a strange sight, but in the middle of the classroom
stands a coffin. The children have been working on making it
for weeks. The coffin is constructed from more than a hunderd
pieces of wood, and is almost ready. Only the lid need to be
The children don't think it is scary or lugubrious. Quite to
the opposite, the have become used to making the coffin, in which
their teacher will be buried. And if they are not working on it,
they climb inside and pretend it is a submarine. The teachers
don't think it is a problem that they play with it. Mrs. Van den
Biggelaar had to laugh about it. It was her intention that the
children would deal with it so naturally. Her own children also
attend the school and participate with the construction of the
coffin. The design for the coffin was made by Eric van Dijk, an
industrial designer, one of the teachers of the school.
This morning, I went with Annabel for
the first time to an orthodontist. He noted that Annabel was a
mix of races, when he told me that Li-Xia was from China he told
us that he comes from a Chinese family in Indonesia and is married
with a Dutch women. Later, when we left the building he remarked
to a co-worker that his children look like Annabel. Before he is
going to give a treatment plan, Annabel first needed to proof that
she can brush her teeth correctly. Annabel was given a brushing
instruction by a woman. She has to return in two weeks.
When I bike back to my office, I noticed a sign along the road
about a funeral fair. I have never heard of a funeral fair before.
It will be on next Saturday here in Enschede.
I was interested in the number of solutions for a certain
configuration of the Chinese Wooden Puzzle based on a solution
that took me a long time to find.
I let program solve the configuration (without the white
and purple blocks) and it found 14618 solutions. When only
looking at the colours, there are 1717 different solutions.
(Zip file with them.)
Four of these have 96 distinct solutions.
I manually extracted the solutions that have the white pieces
in the bottom left corner and the purple pieces in the right
top, and found 218.
Dark Energy may be vacuum
In the Science Daily article "Dark Energy May Be Vacuum", it says:
"The new data shows that none of the fancy new theories that have
been proposed in the last decade are necessary to explain the acceleration.
Rather, vacuum energy is the most likely cause and the expansion history of
the universe can be explained by simply adding this constant background of
acceleration into the normal theory of gravity." This article is based
on the article Observational Constraints on the Nature of the Dark Energy:
First Cosmological Results from the ESSENCE Supernova Survey.
In the abstract of this article it says simply: "The current SN Ia
data are fully consistent with a cosmological constant." However,
in the conclusions of the article it is phrased more carefull:
"The emerging impression that the equation-of-state parameter is close
to w=-1 makes it difficult to determine whether the underlying psysucs
arises in the particle physics sector or from the classical cosmological
constant of general relativity. A value of w=-1 is perhaps the least
informative possible outcome."
This evening, Annabel and I went to the
university to play Go. We were the first to
arrive. Juri, who is usually already there, did not come today.
Shorty after us, Ton arrived and we started a game where I was
given six stones start. When the others arrived, Edze played four
games against Annabel. During the last game he told her that it
was forbidden for her to play a stone against any of his stones,
just to teacher her, that she plays better if she does. I am
getting the impression that Edze has some strong tutorial skills.
Around ten o'clock, Ton resigned his game. Others estimated that
he was about forty points behind. Relatively early in the game,
I treated to kill one of his groups with a Ko. At one point he
played a Ko treat without me having a direct Ko treat as a response.
But I did see a big move, which would give me control over one
side, whereas otherwise he would have got half of it. So, I allowed
his group to live. Marcel, who came to look several times, and
encouraged me to be bold when I thought I was in some serious
trouble, felt that I made a number of very strong moves. Somehow,
I am surprised by the improvements I am making with a minimum of
National IQ test
Yesterday evening, when I came home, the National IQ test was on
television and I watch a small part of it. When the results were
announced, they told that the average score was 113. But by definition
the average IQ of a group of people for a given test is 100. It looks
like they did determined the IQ score on forehand. While with this kind
of IQ test (where many viewers send in their results) it would be
much better to determine the IQ score on all results. Per question
you assign a score based on the percentage of people that gave a
correct answer. For example, if x% of the people gave a correct
answer, than the people who gave a correct answer, get a score
of (100-x/2) and those who gave a wrong answer, get a score of x/2.
For each person you calculate the average score over all the questions
as the final score. Based on mean and the standard deviation of all the
scores one can easily determine the IQ score of participants
I wonder if IQ test would become more accurate if one would also
take into account the time that people need to answer a certain
question. Just putting a time limit seems to me a rather coarse
method. With the use of computers that would be rather simple.
I guess you could even do this over the Internet.
This morning, I took the car to my office. I think that this was one
of the first times, I went by car with no special reason other than
the weather. Yesterday, I also had to bike home in the rain against
the wind, and I was not in the mood to have the same experiences now
that even stronger winds were predicted. During the day, it became
obvious that the storm was even a little stronger than predicted.
The Netherlands was in the middle of the storm (see this
image of windspeeds in Europe).
My mother, who was staying with us for a day, was phoned by a younger
sister, who adviced her to not go home but stay over for a night.
I went home around six o'clock and did not encounter much problems.
But my sister was less lucky, as she got stuck in the central train
station of Amsterdam, and had to stay with a colleague of work. Her
two children, age 10 and 16, had to stay home on their own. But the
could phone some person in the neighbourhood if there was a problem.
Especially in the West of the country there was some considerable
damage. This is the strongest storm since many years. The storm was
finally catagorized as "Violent storm" with Beaufort number 11.
I was only after midnight that the wind started
to drop. Look at this wind profile
of the past day and night. It shows the maximum wind speed in Km/hour.
Note the two gabs in the graph around 17:00 and between 22:00 and
23:00. It looks that the wind was at the strongest at those times.
This could be a result of the wind meter malfunctioning due to too
strong winds. (Maybe it was even nocked down.)
Going into the city
Today, Li-Xia, Annabel,
and I went into the city by bike. It was raining when we went there.
We first did some shoppings on the open air market. Next we went to
Camel and ordered the usual Kebab dishes. Following this, Li-Xia and I
went to bookshop De Slegte, where we
bought a photobook with the title "Zwervend licht" (wandering light)
with pictures by Jan Scholten for € 6.50. The pictures
remind me of the work of Shinzo Maeda.
It is a nice contribution to my collection of
photobooks. As several shops we looked for Curcuma. We also looked
at the shop called Comicasa that
besides many comics, also sells all kinds of games, including some
Go sets. I also bought the game "Schizm, Mysterious Journey" for
€ 4.99 and the DVD "Serenity" for € 6.99.
Nonogram to Exact Cover
This morning, I received an email from some asking me if I thought
about the possibility for a mapping from Nonogram to Exact Cover.
I had thought about it before, and
had not found a solution, but while I was writing my reply, I came
up with some ideas. I even thought about two possible mappings, but
one turned out to be incorrect. It is rather obvious that you have to
create a vector for each possible permutation of pieces in each of the
rows and columns. To enforce that only one permutation is selected for
each row and column is easy.But how to enforce that a certain selection
of one permutation of each row and each column matches? I suddenly
realized that this could be done by negating one of them.
If n is the number of rows and m the number of columns, then the
length of the vector is n+m+nm. For each permutation for row i (offset 0),
we create a vector where all elements are zero, except for element i
and all elements n+m+m*i+j such that element j of the permutation is
black. For each permutation for column j, we create a vector where all
elements are zero, except for element m+j and all element n+m+m*i+j such
that element i of the permutation is white.
I tested this mapping using a program written in C++. For a simple, non-trivial, Nonogram
(the smallest 'hard' Nonogram), it seems
A realisitic 20 by 20 nonogram resulted in Exact Cover problem with
21411 vectors of length 440. Which is a file about 10 Mbyte. I am
afraid that there are not many Exact Cover solvers that can handle
such a big file and efficiently find a solution.
The temperature suddenly dropped, till far below zero. The lowest
temperature measured around her was -9.3 degrees Celsius. We
happen to be in the coldest part of the country.
Temperature profile of 8:00 this morning.
In the BBC News article "Alzheimer's vaccine 'in a patch'" it says:
of the University of South Florida department of psychiatry,
who led the study, said: "While many groups have shown vaccinating
against the beta amyloid protein can reduce Alzheimer's-like pathology
including certain cognitive deficits, this study is the first to
demonstrate that immunisation using the skin may be effective."
Thinking about the fact that Exact Covers generated
from Nonograms should be able to solve easy (even without back-tracking,
if there is only a single solution, and when it is not a 'hard'
problem), I got some ideas about solving Exact Covers. In case
in a certain column the presence of a '1' implies the presence
of a '1' in another column, then all vectors which do have a
'0' in that column and a '1' in the other column, can be
removed as being impossible. Looking for possible algorithms,
for solving Exact Covers, I found some article using a
quantum adiabatic evolution algorithm. Sounds interesting.
Andy is very fond of Pokemon, and often he
asks me to search for images of various Pokemons. Yesterday, we tried
to let him type the names in Google images search. He could do it
with some help.
This morning, when I went into our shed to get some juice, I found
the floor covered with all kinds of things. In the middle of the
floor was a cotton bag, and around it were several spray paint cans.
Annabel has been spray painting the cotton
bag, which she got from a visit to the Bonhoeffer College Enschede, because she want to join a contest
in decorating the bag. She decided that it should have a blue colour.
In the past days she has been spray painting it several times. She
came up with the idea herself, and also bought the spray paint cans
by herself. I told her to do it in the shed because of the smell.
Although I immediately ordered her to clean up the shed, I find it
This morning, I came across the article
"A Century Later, New Research Brings Initial Find of Alois Alzheimer to Fore Once Again",
which mentions a restricted blood flow as being related to Alzheimer.
This made me think about a possible relation to certain symptoms of
Li-Xia. She always has had a relatively low
blood pressure, which has not caused her much problems with respect
to fainting and such.
For many years she has been feeling cold. And of course, I also think
about her eye problems. In that time she had started using Ginkgo biloba,
but after the her eye problem emerged, I thought it was beter to have
her stop using it.
When I did some more searching on feeling cold, I came across the
term "Pernicious anemia". If i remember correctly, Li-Xia's B12
blood values were rather high. Still I find it very strange.
I also remember that she used to be very sensitive to spices
(lately, it seems to be less), and it could be that she had
This evening, Annabel and I went
to the university to play Go. We were
the first to arrive. Not much later Ton arrived and we decided
to play a game where I got five stones ahead. I was not playing
very well, and at one point, was ready to resign when Edze, who
was playing against Araldo besides us, made some suggestion for
a "strange" move. The move did work, and I was able to escape
and save my group. Against the end of the game, I felt Ton was
going to win with at least 40 points, but when we counted, the
difference was only 18 points. Next time, I will get a six
stones advance again. Annabel played a game against Marcel
on a 13x13 board (while he was playing against Taco). Annabel
got six stones in advanced and managed to win with 18 points.
This morning, when I went outside, I saw some white lines between
the tiles. First I split second I thought it was frost, but then
I realized it was snow. When the light went
on, I saw that there was still some very thin snow falling from the
sky. The snow did only stay on certain places, and dissapeared quickly
when the sun appeared.
This morning, it was snowing again. Also during the day, it
snowed a little. But not much stayed on the ground, because
temperatures were higher than yesterday.
This is the picture of the girl who smashed the 2,500-year-old
bronze mirror, dating back to the Warring States Period of 475-221 BC.
The small round mirror was gold plated, embedded with 11 turquoise
stones and the whole body was coated with intricate carvings.
She was showing the to the audience on China Central Television's
Artwork Investment and
while she transfered the wooden box that contained the mirror
from one hand to the other, it fell out of it and smashed on stage.
Experts rushed onto the stage to pick up the pieces as the studio
audience and crew watched in stunned silence - especially owner
Chen Fengjiu who was sitting in the front row.
Chen, a renowned mirror collector, said: "The mirror has been
part of my collection for 16 years and is the best one out of more
than 1,000 mirrors." He also said it was the only one of its kind
and that other collectors had offered him 1 million USD.
Exact Cover Reducer
Today, I developed a Exact Cover Reducer:
which can reduce certain Exact Covers by eliminating those
vectors that cannot logically occur. It turnes out that
Exact Covers generated from Nonograms, can
be solved, if the Nonograms have a single solution and are not
'hard' problems, e.g., can be
solved with simple row and column based reasoning. I tested
it with an Exact Covering containing 21411 vectors of size 440
from one sample Nonogram, which produced this output file, containing the following solution (only rows):
row 1: 00000001111111000000 7
row 2: 00000010000001110000 1 3
row 3: 00000011101100011100 3 2 3
row 4: 00000000110110000110 2 2 2
row 5: 00000000000011100010 3 1
row 6: 00000011100001100110 3 2 2
row 7: 00000111110011001100 5 2 2
row 8: 00001111011010001000 4 2 1 1
row 9: 00011100101110010000 3 1 3 1
row 10: 00011010100100100000 2 1 1 1 1
row 11: 00011010010100100000 2 1 1 1 1
row 12: 00001101110100100000 2 3 1 1
row 13: 11111110001000111111 7 1 6
row 14: 11111101110001011111 6 3 1 5
row 15: 11111000000000011100 5 3
row 16: 11110010010011001111 4 1 1 2 4
row 17: 00001111000101100111 4 1 2 3
row 18: 11110011111000111110 4 5 5
row 19: 11111000000000000000 5
row 20: 11000011111111111100 2 12
Smallest 'hard' Exact Cover with one solution
Just like there is a smallest 'hard' Nonogram, that is a Nonogram that
cannot be solved by reasoning over columns and rows,
and that has a single solution, there must also exist
a smallest 'hard' Exact Cover with one solution.
Such a Exact Cover has one solution, but cannot be
reduced. The smallest I have found
so far, is:
Revenge of the Nerds
Tonight was the final episode of "Revenge of the Nerds",
in which the twin brothers, Erik and Arjan, were going
to date the two girls that they had selected five weeks
ago. I have to say that I was rather dissapointed by
their behaviour. It looked like they did not learn much
in the past weeks, and fell back in their old "Nerd"
behaviour. One of them told his date that he was a famouse
person now, and that he was often approached in the street.
The girl replied that most famouse people are famouse because
they have a special talent, and followed to tell that his
special talent was being a nerd.
This evening, I went to the Open Day of the Bonhoeffer
College in Enschede at the location Geessinkweg. Annabel didn't want to go
with me, because she already has a preference for
another location. It was quite interesting. For the
new pupils they had organized all kind of small
experiments/contest where they could earn some stamp.
In the biology department they could look at a
under a microscope. I mentioned that I had a head louse
with me, and immediately one of the teachers was interested
and wanted to see it under the mircoscope. He was quite
enthousiastic about it and started to ask pupils to
guess what it was. Many had no idea.
This months interesting links
December 2006 |